1. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ENERGY-EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES: POTENTIAL FOR INPUT-OUTPUT AND SUPPLY-CHAIN ANALYSES IN IRAN

کارن راسل پولنسکی

دوره 5، شماره 14 ، بهار 1382، صفحه 1-26

چکیده
  Many analysts investigating environmental and energy issues in developing countries. However Iran as a major producer and exporter of oil is different.The efforts to contuct industrial analyses to determine energy efficient low-pollution sectors in which to invest is misdirected for two reasions. First, some sectors may, on the surface appear to be very energy-conserving and consequently, create only low levels of pollution because-analyst consider only the direct inputs into production process. If analysts consider only energy inputs through use of an input-output table, however they may find ...  بیشتر

2. DEMAND ESTIMATES FOR AGRICULTURAL, MANUFACTURING AND SERVICE PRODUCTS

مسعود نیلی

دوره 5، شماره 14 ، بهار 1382، صفحه 27-38

چکیده
  In this paper, based on the annual househald budget survey and by using the input-output table, the main characteristics of the demand side of the domestic product market are analyzed. This has been exercised for different income groups. We have then, estimated the price and income elasticities for different product groups, with the use af an Almost Ideal Demand System model.  بیشتر

3. MULTIPLIER ANALYSIS IN THE FRAMEWORK OF MANY PRODUCERS AND MANY CONSUMERS OF THE SAM FOR THE IRANIAN ECONOMY

علی اصغر بانویی

دوره 5، شماره 14 ، بهار 1382، صفحه 39-56

چکیده
  In this article, the socio-economic analysis of the SAM multiplier, and its flexibility with respect to the aggregate Keynesian multiplier, extended Keynesian multiplier, Loentief's production multiplier and Miyazawa's combined multiplier will be briefly reviewed. Thereafter, we highlight the methodology of SAM in terms of endogenous and exogenous accounts with emphasis on the two main approaches of SAM multiplier: accounting and fixed price multiplier Matrices. With reference to the availability of the Iranian data, we observed that, due to lack of information, the fixed price multiplier could ...  بیشتر

4. CONSTRUCTION OF REGIONAL INPUT-OUTPUT TABLE BY THE USE OF GRITMETHODOLOGY: A CASE STUDY IN THE PROVINCE OF ISFAHAN IN IRAN

حسین پیراسته؛ رحمان خوش اخلاق

دوره 5، شماره 14 ، بهار 1382، صفحه 57-82

چکیده
  Provision of regional input-output tables by the use of information obtained through census methods, in addition to imposing excessive costs on planning apparatus, imposes time constraints on the realization of regional development plan objectives in due time. Moreover, the use of sample surveys at the regional level, may lead to high inaccuracy due to limited number of observations.One of the more common approaches in obtaining regional input-output tables with much less expenses and time, is the GRIT methodology, which uses the national input-output table as the base and then make necessary adjustments ...  بیشتر

5. SOURCES OF ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY FOR CHINA'S TOWNSHIP AND VILLAGE ENTERPRISES
دوره 5، شماره 14 ، بهار 1382، صفحه 83-112

چکیده
  There is a tension between energy efficiency of the State Owned Enterprise (SOE) sector versus the economic efficiency of the Township and Village Enterprise (TVE) Sector in China. Research has shown that the cokemaking sector in Shanxi Province exhibits contradictory features of having greater overall factor productivity than the SOE cokemaking sector, while at the same time being less energy efficient. In my current research I have shown that this is not a unique feature of the TVE cokemaking sector in Shanxi Province, but that the same paradoxical behavior is exhibited by an overwhelming majority ...  بیشتر

6. A QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF CIRCULAR FLOW OF IRANIAN ECONOMY BASED ON SOCIAL ACCOUNTING MATRIX 1996

علی اصغر بانویی

دوره 5، شماره 14 ، بهار 1382، صفحه 113-136

چکیده
  The Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) and its related models were designed to circumvent many restrictions inherent in the National Accounting practices. The goal was quantitative and simultaneous analysis of economics and social problems facing many of developing countries. Iran was the first country to adopt this accounting system. In the fifth plan of Iranian economy in 1973, the senior consultant from the International Labor Organization (ILO)proposed guideline for Iranian planners. The Iranian experience was carefully expanded to include other countries of the world by the same organization. ...  بیشتر