Volume 28 (2023)
Volume 27 (2022)
Volume 26 (2021)
Volume 25 (2020)
Volume 24 (2019)
Volume 23 (2018)
Volume 22 (2017)
Volume 21 (2016)
Volume 20 (2015)
Volume 19 (2014)
Volume 18 (2013)
Volume 17 (2012)
Volume 16 (2011)
Volume 15 (2010)
Volume 14 (2010)
Volume 13 (2009)
Volume 12 (2008)
Volume 11 (2008)
Volume 10 (2008)
Volume 9 (2007)
Volume 8 (2006)
Volume 7 (2005)
Volume 6 (2004)
Volume 5 (2003)
Volume 4 (2002)
Volume 3 (2001)
Volume 2 (2000)
Volume 1 (1995)
Energy Economy
Decoupling Dynamism of Energy Consumption, Economic Growth, and Pollution in Iran: New Evidence from Factor Analysis at Triple Levels of Energy

Saeed Rasekhi; Sara Ghanbartabar

Volume 28, Issue 97 , February 2024, , Pages 6-43


  The utilization of natural resources, particularly energy, is essential for economic well-being. However, the increasing consumption of economic resources raises concerns about sustainable development. This study aimed to investigate the dynamic decoupling of economic growth, energy consumption, and ...  Read More

Monetary economy
The Effectiveness of Monetary Policy during Business Cycles Using Components of Producer and Consumer Price Indices

Hooman Karami Khoramabadi; Alireza Erfani; Hosein Tavakolian

Volume 27, Issue 92 , October 2022, , Pages 45-75


  This paper investigates the effectiveness of monetary policy in recession and expansion periods of business cycles in Iran. It uses the distribution of price changes over time using micro-data of producer and consumer price indices from March 2004 to March 2007 and March 1990 to March 2017. Results show ...  Read More

Estimation of Human Capital In Iran Using Fuzzy Logic

Zana Mozaffari; Bakhtiar Javaheri

Volume 26, Issue 89 , February 2022, , Pages 63-93


  Human capital is a hidden variable. In different economic studies, various proxies have been used as a proxy for human capital, including the average literacy index, the number of graduates or the average number of years of schooling. This study will review the economic literature first, and then the ...  Read More

The Responses of Stock, Gold and Foreign Exchange Markets to Financial Shocks: VAR-MGARCH Approach

Vahid Dehbashi; Teymour Mohammadi; Abbas Shakeri; Javid Bahrami

Volume 25, Issue 83 , July 2020, , Pages 1-27


  The aim of this paper is to investigate the responses of stock, gold and foreign exchange markets in Iran, with an emphasis on the spillover volatility effects. For this purpose, the rate of return of variables is calculated by using the daily data of Tehran Stock Exchange price index, exchange rate ...  Read More

The Impact of Government Debt to Central Bank on Economic Growth in Iran: Smooth Transition Regression (STR) Approach

Jalal Montazeri Shoorekchali

Volume 25, Issue 83 , July 2020, , Pages 85-111


  Financial crises, along with the negative and destructive effects of the debt stocks on the economy of countries with the national debt, have caused the "economic effects of the public debt stocks problem," and has become a controversial issue in the public sector economics literature. Using a Smooth ...  Read More

Determining Socio-economic Factors Associated with Household Food Security in Rural and Urban Areas in Khuzestan Province

Mohammad Reza Pakravan-Charvadeh; Seyyed Safdar Hosseini; Saeed Nori Naeini

Volume 25, Issue 83 , July 2020, , Pages 113-136


  Improving food security status through  socio-economic ‎determinants is always important at the household level. In this study, ‎after assessing the food security level of households in urban and rural ‎areas of Khuzestan province, associated factors including economic, social, and racial ...  Read More

The Role of Financial Development in the Relationship of Oil Price Fluctuations and Current Account in Iran: Nonlinear Smooth Transition Regression Model (STR)

Mahdie Rezagholizade; Malihe keyvanpor

Volume 24, Issue 81 , February 2020, , Pages 91-134


   One important aspect of financial development in oil-exporting countries is how to allocate oil income during periods of oil price fluctuations. Financial development in these countries affects their current accounts in two ways: directly through the impact on savings and investment and indirectly ...  Read More

The Effect of Financial Development on Tax Evasion in Iran

Mahdieh Rezagholizadeh; Amirhossein Alami

Volume 24, Issue 80 , October 2019, , Pages 105-150


  Tax evasion constitutes a major component of underground activities and development of financial sector -as one of the most important sectors in every country can affect its size. Considering the importance of this issue, this study tries to investigate the relationship between financial development ...  Read More

Effect of Fiscal Decentralization on the Attraction of FDI in Iran

mohammad alizadeh; Seyed Ehsan Hosseinidoust; Abolghasem Golkhandan

Volume 24, Issue 79 , July 2019, , Pages 67-105


  From a financial perspective, decentralization is a transfer of resources from the central government to local governments. Fiscal decentralization policies can lead to more FDI attraction by increasing the share of provincial government funding to local infrastructure.Accordingly, the major purpose ...  Read More

Non-Linear Relationship between Macroeconomic Variables and Government Size in Iran

Hassan Heidari; Arash Refah-Kahriz

Volume 23, Issue 75 , July 2018, , Pages 21-50


  Attitude towards the role of government and reasons for the existence of government have experienced several changes and revisions during the last century. Attitude changes alter the duties and responsibilities assigned to the government and thus change the size and composition of public expenditure. ...  Read More

Effects of International Sanctions and Other Determinants on Iran’s Inflation Rate (1981-2014)

Abdorasoul Sadeghi; Seyed Komail Tayebi

Volume 23, Issue 74 , April 2018, , Pages 33-57


  Due to the historical importance of inflation in the Iranian economy and its serious effects on the society, the present study has explored the impacts of international sanctions and other effective factors on the inflation rate in Iran during 1981-2014. To this end, this paper has specified an econometric ...  Read More

The Hysteresis Effect of Currency Substitution in Iran: Divisia Index Approach

Saman Ghaderi

Volume 22, Issue 72 , October 2017, , Pages 187-212


  This study examines the hysteresis effect of currency substitution in Iran using a model of money-in-the-utility function with two currencies (home and foreign). In this respect, Divisia monetary aggregates has been used for calculating the dollars in circulating. The bounds testing approach to the analysis ...  Read More

Estimation of Absolute Poverty Line Based on Food Poverty Line using Mathematical Programming: A Case Study of Urban Areas in Mazandaran Province

Esmaiel Abounoori; Milad Shahrazi

Volume 22, Issue 71 , July 2017, , Pages 65-80


  In this research, the absolute poverty line based on the food poverty line is estimated using mathematical programming approach concerning urban area prices during February 2015. We first have determined a basic food basket including 76 common and important food items. Second, we have identified the ...  Read More

The Effect of Subsidy Reform Program on Food Security in Iran

Seyyed Safdar Hosseini; Mohammad Reza Pakravan Charvadeh; Habibollah Salami

Volume 21, Issue 67 , July 2016, , Pages 53-82


  One of the main approaches to achieve food security is redistribution measures such as the subsidy reform program with the aim of social justice and improved welfare of low-income groups. In this study, we analyzed the effect of the implementation of targeted subsidies program on food security in Iran ...  Read More

The Effect of the Composition of Human Capital on Regional Economic Growth in Iran: Spatial Dynamic Panel Data Approach

Zahra Dehghan Shabani; Ebrahim Hadian; Faezeh Nasirzadeh

Volume 21, Issue 66 , April 2016, , Pages 1-30


  Economic theory has emphasized the important role of human capital on national and regional economic growth. The present study aimed to analyze the effect of the composition of human capital on economic growth in Iranian provinces. We estimated a Spatial Dynamic Panel Data model by using Generalized ...  Read More

An Empirical Investigation of the Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Pass-Through to Iran's Pistachio Export Prices

Hosein Mohammadi; Sayed Hosein Saghaian; Amirhosein Tohidi

Volume 20, Issue 65 , February 2016, , Pages 159-184

  Exchange rate pass-through is one of the most important issues in the international economic studies. Determining the degree of exchange rate pass-through can be used to define the effectiveness of foreign policy, market structure and exporters behavior. The main objective of this study is to investigate ...  Read More

Performance of Alternative BVAR Models for Forecasting Iranian Macroeconomic Variables: An Application of Gibbs Sampling

Hassan Heidari; Parisa Jouhari Salmasi

Volume 20, Issue 62 , April 2015, , Pages 57-79


  Low and stable inflation with sustainable growth is the first objective of any monetary authority. To achieve this prime goal, reliable forecast of macroeconomic variables play an important role. This paper investigates the forecasting performance of BVAR models with different priors for Iranian economy.  ...  Read More

Identifying the Socio- Economic Characteristics of the Iranian Borrowing Households and the Impact of Micro-Credits on the Poverty Gap

Hassan Dargahi; Mohammadreza Mazloumpour

Volume 19, Issue 61 , February 2015, , Pages 31-62

  The Impact of micro-credits on household’s poverty gap is considered as one of the most important social and economic issues. In this research, the socio- economic characteristics of the borrowing households are identified by using a Logit model, based on the urban and rural household budget survey ...  Read More

An Examination of Endogenous Protection with Emphasis on Types of Intra Industry Trade: A Case Study for Iran’s Manufacturing Industries

Saeed Rasekhi; Elnaz Behnia

Volume 18, Issue 55 , July 2013, , Pages 1-16

  Since the 1970s, international political economic theorists have emphasized on the role of domestic factors, such as domestic active groups, policies and macro-economic indicators, to explain the  trade protection trends. Empirical studies have often verified this view. This paper  examines ...  Read More

An Optimal Rule for Monetary Policy with Inflation Persistence: The Case of Iran

Morteza Khorsandi; Karim Eslamloueyan; Hossein Zonnoor

Volume 17, Issue 51 , July 2012, , Pages 43-70

  The main goal of this paper is to derive an optimal rule for monetary policy in Iran. To do so, we estimate the monetary transmission equations and derive the optimal rule by using the dynamic programming method. Our dynamic optimization problem is to minimize the central bank's loss function subject ...  Read More

An Evaluation of Alternative BVAR Models for Forecasting Iranian Inflation

Hassan Heydari

Volume 17, Issue 50 , April 2012, , Pages 65-81

  This paper investigates the use of different priors to improve the inflation forecasting performance of BVAR models with Litterman’s prior. A Quasi-Bayesian method, with several different priors, is applied to a VAR model of the Iranian economy from 1981:Q2 to 2007:Q1. A novel feature with this ...  Read More

The Impact of Migrant Labor Force on Housing Sector’s Efficiency of Iran

Hamid Sepehrdoust

Volume 17, Issue 50 , April 2012, , Pages 139-157

  Iran has been host to the largest number of migrants in the form of Afghan refugees since 1982. These refugees have been permitted to find jobs in Iranian labour market, particularly in the labour intensive markets like manual jobs and construction activities which could not easily be filled by Iranian ...  Read More

The Determinants of Non-performing Loans in Iranian Banking Industry

Hamid Kordbacheh; Leila Pordel Nooshabadi

Volume 16, Issue 49 , February 2012, , Pages 117-150

  This paper estimates a dynamic panel model to examine the bank-specific and macroeconomic determinants of non-performing loans in Iranian banking sector using a sample of 12 banks over the period of 2002-2008. The findings of this paper show that prudential behaviour, size and ownership status of banks ...  Read More

An Alternative VAR Model for Forecasting Iranian Inflation: An Application of Bewley Transformation

Hassan Heydari

Volume 16, Issue 46 , April 2011, , Pages 77-96

  This paper focuses on the development of modern non-structural dynamic multivariate time series models and evaluating performance of various alternative specifications of these models for forecasting Iranian inflation. The Quasi-Bayesian method, with Literman prior, is applied to Vector autoregressive ...  Read More

Estimation of Rural-Urban Migration in Iran (An Auto-Regressive Distributed Lag Approach)

alireza karbasi; Seyed Mohammad Fahimi Fard; Hamid Reza Jahany

Volume 16, Issue 46 , April 2011, , Pages 97-113

  Rural inhabitants’ perception of better life changes when observing the success of other people, and hope to emulate their success. They know that University degree can lead to a higher expected income. In fact urbanism has some benefits but the costs (pollution, congestion, and crime) are also ...  Read More