Equity Premium Puzzle in Tehran Stock Exchange: stochastic dominance approach
Gholamreza
Keshavarz Haddad
دانشیار اقتصاد دانشگاه صنعتی شریف
author
Mohammadreza
Esfahani
کارشناس ارشد رشته علوم اقتصادی دانشگاه صنعتی شریف
author
text
article
2014
per
Iranian Journal of Economic research
Allameh Tabataba’i University
1726-0728
18
v.
56
no.
2014
1
40
http://ijer.atu.ac.ir/article_95_fc7c85dca0ebe7c6716895217adc66f7.pdf
Inequality in Educational Opportunities Based on Income for Generations in Iran
Hossein
Raghfar
دانشیار اقتصاد دانشگاه الزهرا (س)
author
MirHossein
Mousavi
استادیار اقتصاد دانشگاه الزهرا (س)
author
Batool
Azari Beni
کارشناس ارشد اقتصاد، دانشگاه الزهرا (س)
author
text
article
2014
per
Education is considered as a significant determinant of earnings inequality; however, there are sensible differences in the educational attainment for individuals. This paper examines absolute mobility between groups of educational levels and the persistency of inequality of opportunities in the economy of Iran. For this purpose, Households’ Survey Data over 1988 to 2011 are used to organize pseudo-panel data and to estimate nonlinear dynamics of population in Iran. Our results reveal that the inequality opportunity between generations with higher education is less than that of between generations with lower education.Also inequality is decreasing over time, but its speed is very low.
Iranian Journal of Economic research
Allameh Tabataba’i University
1726-0728
18
v.
56
no.
2014
41
71
http://ijer.atu.ac.ir/article_110_08a38493763e4ead06e14ae3ceca1cd8.pdf
Meditation on second phase enforcement of the targeted subsidies law with focusing on energy share in GDP using a Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium model
Hassan
Heidari
دانشیار اقتصاد، دانشگاه ارومیه
author
Ahmad
Molabahrami
دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد، دانشگاه ارومیه
author
text
article
2013
per
This study employs a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model for energy demand side, in order to estimate the energy share of non-oil production and investigate the effects of energy price shocks on production and inflation. The results show that, the share of energy in production is 12.1 percent in Iran which is 8 times higher than of European countries. In addition, positive shocks of energy price have negative effects on production and also these shocks have positive effects on inflation and money supply. These results emphasize the significant role of energy in non-oil production in Iran which in turn is the relative advantages of cheapness and abundance of energy resources. Thus in the second phase of removing plan subsidy, the role of energy in production should be considered. In fact, the government must provide necessary background in order to convert the old technologies into modern and more efficient technologies, in addition to allocating the special energy subsides to production sector.
Iranian Journal of Economic research
Allameh Tabataba’i University
1726-0728
18
v.
56
no.
2013
73
93
http://ijer.atu.ac.ir/article_122_66354eed53cdd4efecb171dde4dd2549.pdf
Fuzzy Estimation of Combined Depreciation Index for Selected Developing Countries
Ali
Saedvandi
استادیار دانشگاه وولنگونگ
author
Hossein
Sadeghi
استادیار اقتصاد، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
author
Zahra
Keshavarzi
کارشناس ارشد اقتصاد انرژی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
author
text
article
2013
per
Although depreciation is a crucial factor in economic growth models, little effort has been made to estimate depreciation rates. In this study, we attempt to estimate integrated fuzzy indicators for depreciation rates in 21 comparable developing countries. In the framework of fuzzy logic, first, we combine ten related variables to obtain four depreciation indicators, namely human, social, physical, and natural capital. Then the four indicators are combined to obtain an overall depreciation rate. The results indicate that remarkable gap exists among developing countries. The overall depreciation rates are at the highest level in the CIS countries (circa 0/7) and at the lowest level in some of the developing European nations (circa 0/4). Due to lack of information, the exact estimation of a combined depreciation indicator seems impossible for Iran; nevertheless, we estimate a minimum boundary for this country, which indicates the dismal situation of capital preservation in Iran.
Iranian Journal of Economic research
Allameh Tabataba’i University
1726-0728
18
v.
56
no.
2013
95
122
http://ijer.atu.ac.ir/article_123_ccecb21c23451f6af86b4e383f27c9a7.pdf
The Effect of Gesell Tax on Liquidity Trap: New Keynesian Approach
Ensieh
Mosaddeghi
کارشناسی ارشد علوم اقتصادی دانشگاه اصفهان
author
Rahim
Dallali Isfahani
دانشیار اقتصاد دانشگاه اصفهان
author
Mohammad
Vaez Barzani
دانشیار اقتصاد دانشگاه اصفهان
author
text
article
2013
per
In the present system of capitalism, the money and interest rate have a special place in macroeconomics and play a major role in conducting monetary policies and determining economic activities level. Classical school believe that interest rate is a real phenomenon. However, Keynes argued that interest rate is a money phenomenon. Silvio Gesell reasoned that interest rate is due to the nature of currency. He proposed the free money system, in which the money without interest will also have active circulation. The nature of free money is in such a way that tax is proportional to the money duration of speculation. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the inability of monetary policy (raising inflation expectations) and in this regard, the impact of Gesell tax in escaping from the liquidity trap. Therefore, using the Mathematica software and calibrating a New-Keynesian model for Iranian economy, dynamics of the model were analyzed. The results indicate that an increase in target inflation rate will not affect escaping from liquidity trap. As a result, if the nominal interest rate on currency, on the basis of the rule (Gesell tax) is kept less than the nominal interest rate, the economy will never end up in a zero-bound equilibrium or in a liquidity trap.
Iranian Journal of Economic research
Allameh Tabataba’i University
1726-0728
18
v.
56
no.
2013
123
155
http://ijer.atu.ac.ir/article_124_00c14978ad6f129d8a59415b3726de78.pdf
Comparative study of the instability and dynamics of systematic risk for Tehran Stock Exchange and a selected group of emerging stock markets
Esmaeel
Ramazanpoor
استادیارگروه مدیریت دانشگاه گیلان
author
Mohammad Hassan
Gholizadeh
استادیارگروه مدیریت دانشگاه گیلان
author
Abbas
Kalantary
دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت مالی گرایش MBA دانشگاه گیلان
author
text
article
2013
per
This study investigates the stability of systematic risk of Tehran stock Exchange and a selected group of emerging stock markets including of Latin America, Asian South eastern and Istanbul Stock Exchange. The study uses time series specification of CAPM model (Black et al, 1972) and employs Bai and Perron (2003) structural break point test. The results show that based on Bai and Perron test, there are evidences of structural break in time series CAPM model and hence the instability in systematic risk for Brazil, Chile, Thailand, China, Malaysia and Tehran stock markets. The dynamic estimation results of systematic risk of these stock markets based on MGARCH - BEKK model indicate that, Tehran Stock Exchange has lowest level of systematic risk among other stock markets. The results show that there is significant fluctuation in dynamic trend of systematic risk of these stock markets in particular around structural break point dates. Based on the results, the BEKK model has more accurate performance than linear time series CAPM model for systematic risk forecasting proposes. These results provide useful policy guideline for investors in international risk management.
Iranian Journal of Economic research
Allameh Tabataba’i University
1726-0728
18
v.
56
no.
2013
157
186
http://ijer.atu.ac.ir/article_137_c55024181f2b52c1f031a9b3e74888ee.pdf
The Effect of Business Cycles on Income Inequality in Iran
Alireza
Eghbali
استادیار گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه پیام نور
author
Alireza
Jorjorzadeh
استادیار گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اهواز
author
Masoomeh
Kiani
کارشناس ارشد توسعه و برنامهریزی اقتصادی
author
text
article
2013
per
The purpose of this research is investigation of the relationship between income inequality and business cycles in Iran over the 1351 to 1389. In this study, Gini coefficient is the indicator of inequality, and business cycles were obtained by using the Hodrick- Prescott filter. Also In order to examine the effect of business cycle on inequality, autoregressive-distributed Lag (ARDL) approach was attempted. Our findings show that business cycles have negative impact on income inequality. During recession, income inequality increases and in the booms decreases. Also we find that higher minimum wages decrease income inequality, and oil incomes increase it.
Iranian Journal of Economic research
Allameh Tabataba’i University
1726-0728
18
v.
56
no.
2013
187
203
http://ijer.atu.ac.ir/article_139_0e3070ffeff524f2589a4aa3074caea6.pdf